The former president of Uruguay, Julio María Sanguinetti, participated this Thursday in the forum of Encounters for Venezuela, where he highlighted the importance of the Legitimate Government offering clear guarantees to the actors of the dictatorship, so that they do not fear leaving power and a peaceful transition is achieved in Venezuela.
Sanguinetti lamented that one of the main problems for the restitution of democracy is that “we have found a dictatorship that has tried to change all the institutional, economic and social bases of the country”.
The former Uruguayan leader stressed that all the departures from dictatorships in the region have been different and marked by the realities of each country. However, he stressed that a controlled process should be carried out with guarantees for those who leave power.
“The key to a transition is the management of fear and impatience, the fear of those leaving and the impatience of those arriving. Both of these feelings must be managed so that an exit can be reached as expected. Those who walk away from power have a fear of retaliation, while those who arrive have to manage their impatience,” he explained.
Similarly, Sanguinetti lamented that “the Venezuelan dictatorship has frustrated expectations and possibilities time and again. Perhaps the election of the Assembly was a culminating moment in enabling the possibility of a relatively free election, from then on public opinion was no longer consulted in a real way because it is known to be totally adverse to the regime.”
However, he stated that “within the military structure, a feeling could be generated that a historical institution, truly Bolivarian, feels that it should not be at the eternal service of the personal ambitions of a dictator and a system that has not only restricted freedoms but has also manifested the maximum expression of inefficiency, ineffectiveness and nonsense in terms of economic and social management.”
“International action is important, especially in the work of keeping hope alive for those on the inside. In Venezuela, the panorama is adverse because those in power have strong ties to corruption, so they must embrace power in a way that goes beyond politics,” he said.
Faced with this panorama, he affirmed “the important thing is not to lose heart, discouragement must not make us lower our guard, because at some point there will be a reaction from a sector in the country, and from sectors that must also be operating within the dictatorship. While expecting so, we must try to generate a climate where there is no movement for revenge but for reconstruction of democracy with everyone who wants to participate in it.
“In these regimes there are people who stay there only out of fear, not all of them have vocations of heroes like President Guaidó or the thousands of Venezuelans who fight every day, but history has shown that there is always room for the return of freedom,” he ended.