Venezuela is the fourth of the five countries in the world most at risk of suffering extreme levels of famine as a result of the quarantine by the COVID-19, displacing Ethiopia, South Sudan, Syria, Nigeria and Haiti,
The warning was issued by the United Nations World Food Program (WFP), which according to the study conducted at the end of February, almost a third of the Venezuelan population (32.3%) is food insecure and needs support, while 2.3 million Venezuelans (7.9% of the population) are in a situation of severe food insecurity.
Consequently, it is estimated that 17 million Venezuelans have a minimally adequate food consumption.
“Venezuela is suffering from extreme shortages of food consumption or extreme loss of livelihoods that could lead to food shortages or worse,” said David Beasly, WFP’s executive director.
In Latin America, 18.5 million people in eight countries are in a situation of acute food vulnerability, half of the estimated population being in Venezuela.
Migrants at high risk of malnutrition
1.2 million Venezuelan migrants in Ecuador and Colombia are in a situation of acute food insecurity, i.e. 76% of Venezuelan migrants and refugees in Ecuador (292,600 persons), and 55% in Colombia (891,000 persons) had a high prevalence of acute or moderate food insecurity.
75 per cent of Venezuelan migrants in Colombia and 37 per cent of Venezuelan migrants in Ecuador are living below the poverty line. According to studies by different global organizations, it is expected that by the end of 2020 approximately 2.4 million Venezuelans will reside in Colombia and another 659,000 Venezuelans in Ecuador after extensive migration.
The United Nations World Food Program explained that according to its report 6.3% of children under 5 years of age suffer from acute malnutrition and 30% of children under 5 years of age and 23.9% of women between 15 and 49 years of age suffer from anemia.