The National Assembly approved in first discussion the draft of the law approving the “Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatments or Punishments”, in order to establish regular monitoring of detention centers, with the aim of preventing torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatments or punishments.
Miranda State Representative Delsa Solórzano said at the beginning of the debate that the National Assembly is once again making history by signing and ratifying the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture so that it becomes a formal part of Venezuela’s domestic (national) legislation.
“This is a historical moment because it represents a sample of what the head of a state should be, which is very clear and conscious, for the first thing to be done, which is to comply with the law and the second thing to respect the rights of each and every Venezuelan”.
She indicated that in Venezuela human rights are violated all the time, basic public services are not available. “We do not have water, electricity, security, the right to health, there is no respect for life, food and identity. Moreover, if people protest about all these needs, they will put them in prison and torture them.”
She assured that, in the political prisons of the country, there are dozens of Venezuelan prisoners who are tortured and subjected to cruel, inhuman and degrading treatments, so it is very important that this legal instrument for the protection of citizens has been approved.
She added that the approval of this legal instrument is very timely, precisely one year after the visit to the country by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, who in her report made several recommendations that were not fulfilled. On the contrary, in Venezuela the regime continues to commit violations of the human rights of Venezuelans, an aspect that was ratified by Mrs. Bachelet in a second report.
Meanwhile, State Representative Miranda Franco Casella, president of the Sub-Commission on Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law of the Permanent Commission on Security and Defense of the National Assembly, indicated that not only are there civilian political prisoners, but also hundreds of military personnel deprived of their liberty, who are being tortured, victims of cruel and inhumane treatment.
“Like Generals Raúl Isaías Baduel, Héctor Hernández Da Costa and Miguel Sisco Mora, Captain Juan Carlos Caguaripano, Lieutenant Colonel Marín Chaparro, Captain Luis Humberto de la Sotta, Colonel Francisco Manusa, hundreds of men from different official hierarchies from major generals to sergeants, all victims of abuses, which have been recorded and evidenced in the various reports presented by High Commissioner Michelle Bachelet, which have demonstrated the repeated violations of human rights, murders and forced disappearances by the FAES and that there are political prisoners in Venezuela.”
He thanked High Commissioner Michelle Bachelet for her courage and ability to demonstrate before the world the “capacity for sadism carried out by this narco-regime, which cruelly decides to violate all international treaties that protect the dignity of the human being”.
He demanded that the United Nations officials dig deeper for the truth of what is happening in Venezuela, that there is no progress in the country, that the repressive forces of the regime continue to act with impunity, “violating the rights of the citizen, sullying the honor within the Armed Forces.”
Finally, Mauligmer Baloa, deputy for the state of Amazonas, highlighted aspects of the report by High Commissioner Michelle Bachelet, such as the cases of possible extrajudicial executions committed by members of the Special Action Forces (FAES) and the Bolivarian National Police in some neighborhoods of the country.
“In July 2019 alone were identified 57 new cases of alleged executions by these repressive forces. There is a lack of effective mechanisms to protect witnesses and relatives of the victims, who are mostly women”.
She added that the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, was struck by the increase in the number of military officials in Pemón indigenous territories. “There, Bachelet denounced the death of the Warao brother, allegedly executed by the FAES, as well as that of a Kurripako indigenous brother leader from the State of Amazonas, allegedly by the National Guard,” said Congresswoman Baloa.
She stressed that is eviident the systematic violation of human rights by Nicolas Maduro’s regime, especially against political prisoners. The UN High Commissioner issued a second report in May of this year, which states that the arrests by the security forces are increasing and detrimental to freedom of expression of the population peacefully demonstrating while demanding solutions to their problems.
“She recalled the attacks of January 5th this year when deputies were not allowed to enter the National Assembly, the kidnapping of deputies Gilber Caro and Renzo Prieto, the attacks on journalists, raids on the headquarters of political parties, harassment of university campuses, restrictions on trade union freedoms and finally, the Commissioner does not say so, we do, the freedom of expression of all doctors who have wanted to draw attention to the lack of supplies and medicines in each of the hospital premises where they are receiving patients for COVID-19 has been violated.”
She continued referring to Mrs. Bachelet’s second report issued on March 10th, which updated the number of people who are in severe food security and the 4.9 million who have left the country.
She said that, in the new report of the High Commissioner, she reflects her concern about the pattern of arbitrary detentions, torture and forced disappearances. The serious violations of economic and social rights in Venezuela. She registers 38 alleged executions between May 2019 and the year 2020 at the hands of Maduro’s regime, and subscribes that the prisoners do not have access to medical care.
“The UNT parliamentary faction supports the petition of the UN High Commissioner for freedom for political prisoners, respect for their human condition, their human rights and of course judicial guarantees in accordance with the Bolivarian Constitution of Venezuela,” concluded the Amazonas deputy.